Disease forecaster Ascel Bio today is re-issuing an alert for Cryptosporidiosis disease across the United States.
Warnings for Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts, and Nebraska are issued as these states are seeing incidence rates above forecast, according to the most recent data from early June 2016.
Presently, Ascel Bio is projecting a rising forecast in the summer months before decreasing in mid fall for Georgia, Idaho, Massachusetts and Nebraska. Current observed cases for Georgia, Idaho and Nebraska have increased and exceeded our forecast. Last observed case count for mentioned states was in range to our forecast low. Massachusetts incidence rate is unchanged since last alert but still surpasses our forecast.
Nationally, Ascel Bio is projecting a significant increase in Cryptosporidiosis cases and demand for care during the summer months. Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite that infects reptiles, fish, birds and mammals, such as farm livestock. Petting farm outbreaks display a seasonal trend as these outbreaks appear during springtime and summer. It replicates in a host after ingestion of contaminated food or water. Once expelled with fecal matter, the parasite can survive in different types of environmental conditions due to its robust shell. Symptoms start 2-10 days after infection and include: watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, dehydration, nausea and vomiting. Healthy individuals can recover on their own but immunocompromised individuals are more prone to developing chronic illnesses and complications. Factors that contribute to cryptosporidiosis outbreaks involve direct contact with newborn livestock, animal feces and inadequate hygiene. Preventative measures include maintaining proper hygiene after handling animals, soil and contact with fecal matter. Drinking untreated water is not recommended.
Dan Nguyen joined Ascel Bio as a DiseaseCast contributor in January 2016. He holds a B.S. in Health Sciences and is currently a Medical Assistant working in New York State. Dan brings a passionate interest in clinical best practices and global health care issues to his reportage on disease outbreaks.