Disease forecaster Ascel Bio today is re-issuing an alert for Salmonellosis disease across the United States.
Warnings for Maine and Montana are issued as these states are seeing incidence rates above forecast, according to the most recent data from mid-July 2016.
Ascel Bio’s projection for Maine shows the state currently in a short depression. In the following weeks, the forecast will rise to a late summer peak before decreasing into winter. In comparison, the Montana forecast is already rising and will reach a peak in the coming days before promptly decreasing until the end of the year. For both mentioned states, the latest observed case counts rose rapidly since early July when levels were in range to our forecast low. Most recent collected data indicates a two-fold increase.
Nationally, Ascel Bio is projecting a significant increase in Salmonellosis cases and demand for care during the summer months. Salmonellosis is caused by the bacteria called Salmonella. As temperatures increase, humid and warm conditions develop providing perfect conditions for the bacteria to grow and replicate. Salmonella lives in the intestinal tract of certain animals (birds, reptiles, amphibians) and humans. It is transmitted through contact with infected animals or ingesting contaminated foods or water. Salmonella causes fever, abdominal cramps, diarrhea (which may be bloody) with an incubation period of 12-72 hours after infection. The illness can last up to 8 days with severe cases requiring hospitalization due to invasive Salmonella spreading into the bloodstream. Attention and care should be taken with the elderly, infants and individuals who are immunocompromised. Preventative measures include practicing good hygiene, such as washing your hands, especially after touching animals, cleaning surfaces prior to food preparation and cooking foods thoroughly.
Dan Nguyen joined Ascel Bio as a DiseaseCast contributor in January 2016. He holds a B.S. in Health Sciences and is currently a Medical Assistant working in New York State. Dan brings a passionate interest in clinical best practices and global health care issues to his reportage on disease outbreaks.