Disease forecaster Ascel Bio today is re-issuing an alert for Salmonellosis disease across the United States.
Warnings for Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts and New York are issued as these states are seeing incidence rates above forecast, according to the most recent data from early August 2016.
Last reported case counts showed all mentioned states exhibiting large increases that have surpassed the forecast high. Maine, Massachusetts and New York, had already reached their respective projected peaks at that time. In early July, collected data showed that cases for the mentioned states were in range with our forecast low. New York was also the sole state with reported observations far lower than our forecast low. Since then, cases have drastically increased. To date, current forecasts for Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts and New York are on a declining trend which will continue into the winter.
Nationally, Ascel Bio is projecting a significant increase in Salmonellosis cases and demand for care during the summer months. Salmonellosis is caused by the bacteria called Salmonella. As temperatures increase, humid and warm conditions develop providing perfect conditions for the bacteria to grow and replicate. Salmonella lives in the intestinal tract of certain animals (birds, reptiles, amphibians) and humans. It is transmitted through contact with infected animals or ingesting contaminated foods or water. Salmonella causes fever, abdominal cramps, diarrhea (which may be bloody) with an incubation period of 12-72 hours after infection. The illness can last up to 8 days with severe cases requiring hospitalization due to invasive Salmonella spreading into the bloodstream. Attention and care should be taken with the elderly, infants and individuals who are immunocompromised. Preventative measures include practicing good hygiene, such as washing your hands, especially after touching animals, cleaning surfaces prior to food preparation and cooking foods thoroughly.
Dan Nguyen joined Ascel Bio as a DiseaseCast contributor in January 2016. He holds a B.S. in Health Sciences and is currently a Medical Assistant working in New York State. Dan brings a passionate interest in clinical best practices and global health care issues to his reportage on disease outbreaks.