Disease forecaster Ascel Bio today is issuing an alert for Cryptosporidiosis disease across the United States.
Warnings for Maryland and Ohio are issued as these states are seeing incidence rates above forecast, according to the most recent data from early September 2016.
Ascel Bio’s current projections for Maryland and Ohio show decreasing forecasts that will continue into the winter. Last collected data from early September showed large numbers of cryptosporidiosis cases in these mentioned states. In August, Maryland showed levels that were either in range with or lower than our forecast low. However, the state is now displaying a strong rising trend with current case counts largely exceeding our projections. In Ohio, reported case counts still largely exceeds our forecast high but have fallen from an August peak. This decrease indicates a downward trend that parallels our forecast.
Nationally, Ascel Bio is projecting a significant increase in Cryptosporidiosis cases and demand for care in the coming months. Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite that infects reptiles, fish, birds and mammals, such as farm livestock. Petting farm outbreaks display a seasonal trend as these outbreaks appear during springtime and summer. It replicates in a host after ingestion of contaminated food or water. Once expelled with fecal matter, the parasite can survive in different types of environmental conditions due to its robust shell. Symptoms start 2-10 days after infection and include: watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, dehydration, nausea and vomiting. Healthy individuals can recover on their own but immunocompromised individuals are more prone to developing chronic illnesses and complications. Factors that contribute to cryptosporidiosis outbreaks involve direct contact with newborn livestock, animal feces and inadequate hygiene. Preventative measures include maintaining proper hygiene after handling animals, soil and contact with fecal matter. Drinking untreated water is not recommended.