Disease forecaster Ascel Bio today is issuing an alert for Cryptosporidiosis disease across the United States.
Warnings for Idaho, Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Oregon and Washington are issued as these states are seeing incidence rates above forecast, according to the most recent data collected from late May to early June 2016.
At the present time, Ascel Bio is projecting a rising forecast in the summer months before decreasing in mid fall for Idaho, Massachusetts, Oklahoma and Oregon. Although Idaho and Oregon forecasts currently display being in a short depression before increasing, observed cases are have sharply surged since late May. Oklahoma rise in cases correlates to our increasing forecast but observed case count has exceeded our data. Since our last Cryptosporidiosis alert, Washington state still exhibits a low forecast throughout the year with a slight increase in early fall. However, last collected data in late May still shows a high observed case count in Washington state.
Nationally, Ascel Bio is projecting a significant increase in Cryptosporidiosis cases and demand for care during the summer months. Cryptosporidium is a protozoan parasite that infects reptiles, fish, birds and mammals, such as farm livestock. Petting farm outbreaks display a seasonal trend as these outbreaks appear during springtime and summer. It replicates in a host after ingestion of contaminated food or water. Once expelled with fecal matter, the parasite can survive in different types of environmental conditions due to its robust shell. Symptoms start 2-10 days after infection and include: watery diarrhea, stomach cramps, dehydration, nausea and vomiting. Healthy individuals can recover on their own but immunocompromised individuals are more prone to developing chronic illnesses and complications. Factors that contribute to cryptosporidiosis outbreaks involve direct contact with newborn livestock, animal feces and inadequate hygiene. Preventative measures include maintaining proper hygiene after handling animals, soil and contact with fecal matter. Drinking untreated water is not recommended.
Dan Nguyen joined Ascel Bio as a DiseaseCast contributor in January 2016. He holds a B.S. in Health Sciences and is currently a Medical Assistant working in New York State. Dan brings a passionate interest in clinical best practices and global health care issues to his reportage on disease outbreaks.